louis ii de bourbon
Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité la monarchie française pendant plus d’un demi-siècle. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. But a change in his destiny came with the civil wars of the Fronde. Il distribue aussi aux gens de sa cour des livrées à ses couleurs et à sa devise, tradition anglaise introduite par Louis II de Bourbon, duc de Bourbonnais, comte de Forez, prince des Dombes etc. There, he once more confronted an old adversary, Raimondo Montecuccoli, Austria’s foremost commander, whom he forced to raise the siege of Haguenau and to withdraw across the Rhine. At seventeen, in the absence of his father, he governed Burgundy. Together with the Marshal de Turenne he led the French to a favorable peace in the Thirty Years' War. He married Anne de Forez (1358-1417) 19 August 1371 JL . Louis II De Bourbon Paperback – Large Print, October 27, 2009. by . The second phase was a pale reflection of the aristocratic resistance during the Wars of Religion; and, although Condé succeeded in gaining control of Paris, he did not acquire the support of the Parlement except briefly and under duress. Louis II de Bourbon-Condé dit le Grand Condé, connu d'abord sous le titre de duc d'Enghien, né le 8 septembre 1621 à Paris et mort le 11 décembre 1686 à Fontainebleau , est un prince du sang français. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. The moral temper and philosophy of this prince, so removed from the conventional standards of his day, were revealed by his libertine youth and by doctrinally questionable relationships—among them that with Pierre-Michon Bourdelot, a philosopher and skeptical doctor, and with the philosopher Spinoza, whom he tried to meet in Holland—by his nonobservance of all religious practices, and by his aggressive atheism—despite his honourable fidelity to the Jesuits who had instructed him. But he was also a man of wide intellectual interests, of unconventional habits, and possessed of an uncommonly sound independence of mind. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage.Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité … Among his early victories in the Thirty Years War  were those of Rocroi (1643), Freiburg (1644), Nördlingen (1645), and Lens (1648). II. Louis II de Bourbon-Condé est un cousin issu de germain de Louis XIV, leurs arrières grands-pères Louis Ier de Bourbon-Condé et Antoine de Bourbon étaient frères. The summer campaign of 1645 opened with the defeat of Turenne by Franz von Mercy at Mergentheim, but this was retrieved in the victory of Nördlingen, in which Mercy was killed, and Enghien himself received several serious wounds. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. It was the greatest French victory for a century and was due, beyond doubt, to his personal effort. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, byname the Great Condé, French le Grand Condé, also called duc d’Enghien, (born Sept. 8, 1621, Paris, France—died Dec. 11, 1686, Fontainebleau), leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). The princes de Condé were the heads of an important French branch of the House of Bourbon. These were finally closed later in 1674 by the veto of King Louis XIV and the election of John Sobieski. Louis de Bourbon b. Hi full Louis was a name was Jean Marie de Bourbon. In mid-1686, Louise Françoise, later known as 'Madame la Duchesse', contracted smallpox while at Fontainebleau; Condé helped nurse her back to health, and prevented Louis from seeing her for his own safety. During the 1666 to 1667 War of Devolution, Condé proposed to the Marquis de Louvois, the Minister of War, a plan for seizing Franche-Comté, the execution of which was entrusted to him and successfully carried out. Louis’s father died on Dec. 26, 1646, and he then became both prince de Condé and heir to an enormous fortune. Condé is particularly celebrated for his triumphs in the Thirty Years' War, notably at Rocroi, and his campaigns against the Grand Alliance in the Franco-Dutch War. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. His last campaign was that of 1675 on the Rhine, where the army had been deprived of its general by the death of Turenne; and where by his careful and methodical strategy, he repelled the invasion of the Imperial army of Raimondo Montecuccoli. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979).  His father was a first cousin-once-removed of Henry IV, the King of France, and his mother was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families. By 1648, this had become an increasingly bitter, multi-sided conflict between the Spanish, the Catalan nobility supported by France, and the Catalan peasantry. , To remove Condé from Paris, Mazarin arranged for him to lead anti-Habsburg forces in the Catalan revolt known as the Reapers' War. After the Peace of the Pyrenees had been signed (1659), Condé returned to Paris and, reentering the king’s good graces, was received by him at Aix-en-Provence on Jan. 27, 1660. In 1646 Enghien served under Gaston, Duke of Orléans in Flanders, and when, after the capture of Mardyck, Orléans returned to Paris, Enghien, left in command, captured Dunkirk (11 October). Les trois premiers fils d'Henri II de Bourbon et de Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency étant morts en bas âge, Louis reçut le titre de « duc d'Enghien ». Enghien took part with distinction in the siege of Arras. Rest assured, that even without Napoleon, France boasts a number of military giants, not only in French history but in the history of the world at large and one of those was most certainly Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé. Genealogy for Louis Armand II de Bourbon-Conti, duc de Mercoeur (1695 - 1727) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Although his youthful marriage to Claire Clémence de Maillé had brought him a dowry of 600,000 livres and many lands, Condé's lifelong resentment of his forced marriage to a social inferior persisted. Il défend d'abord le parti de la cour, la régence durant la minorité de Louis XIV étant assumée par sa mère Anne d'Autriche, secondée par le cardinal Mazarin, premier ministre, puis il prend parti contre Mazarin qu'il appelle « le faquin écarlate ». He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. For his military prowess he was called The Great Condé (Le Grand Condé).  Although she bore her husband three children, Enghien later claimed she committed adultery with different men in order to justify locking her away at Châteauroux, but the charge was widely disbelieved: Saint-Simon, while admitting that she was homely and dull, praised her virtue, piety and gentleness in the face of relentless abuse.. The following year, again in the company of Louis XIV and of the army of Flanders, he had to reach Alsace, which had been threatened by Turenne’s death, hastily. After this campaign, prematurely worn out by toils and excesses, and tortured by gout, Condé returned to the Château de Chantilly, where he spent his last eleven years in quiet retirement. – Fontainebleau, 1686. december 11. He was sentenced to death as a rebel on Nov. 25, 1654. [a] This battle, fought on August 11, was one of the hardest of the century, and Condé, who displayed the reckless bravery of his youth, had three horses killed under him. His father betrothed him to the young Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé (Cardinal de Richelieu’s niece) before his son’s departure to the army of Picardy, with which he, in July 1640, saw action before the siege of Arras. Thenceforth, he comported himself as a humble and loyal servant of the king, who, however, was long at pains to keep him from any military command. His studies completed, he was presented to Louis XIII (Jan. 19, 1636) and then accompanied his father to the Duchy of Burgundy (the government of which had become a family perquisite since 1631), where he received the king on September 19 of the same year. Louis II Capet de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez, Baron of Combrailles, was born 4 February 1337 to Pierre I de Bourbon (1311-1356) and Isabella de Valois (1313-1383) and died 10 August 1410 inMontluçon of unspecified causes. Louis II de Bourbon, Hoàng tử Condé (8 tháng 9 năm 1621 – 11 tháng 12 năm 1686) là một vị tướng người Pháp và là đại diện nổi tiếng nhất của chi nhánh Condé của Nhà Bourbon.Trước khi cha ông qua đời năm 1646, ông được phong là Công tước d'Enghien.Đối với năng lực … Source Escalier d’honneur du palais ducal de Moulins. Thereupon, his friends launched the second war of the Fronde, which ended with Condé’s release and Mazarin’s first voluntary exile. His position, however, soon became both politically and militarily untenable, and he left Paris (October 1652) to take service with the Spaniards, whose generalissimo he became. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé Origin France Date Made 1662 Medium Engraving on paper Dimensions 362 × 282 mm Credit Line Given in memory of Mrs. Philo Adams Otis Reference Number 1944.570 Extended information about this artwork But it was in his eagerness for battle, his quick decision in action, and the stern will which sent his regiments to face the heaviest losses, that Condé earned the right to be compared to the great generals of his time. About this time, convoluted negotiations between the Poles were carried on with a view to the royal elections in Poland, at first by Condé's son, Henri Jules de Bourbon, and afterwards by Condé himself. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He married Marie-Adelaide de Savoie (1685-1712) 7 December 1697 . Shortly after their release in February 1651, the diverging interests of the two rebellious parties led to a shift of alliances, with the crown and Parlements against Condé's party of the high nobility. Louis Capet de Bourbon-Vendome of France was born 16 August 1682 to Louis of France (1661-1711) and Maria Anna von Bayern (1660-1690) and died 18 February 1712 of unspecified causes. In 1673, he was again engaged in the Low Countries, and in 1674, he fought his last great battle, the Battle of Seneffe, against William of Orange. Until 1646, when his father died, condé was duke of Enghien; afterward he became prince of Conde. He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1388 et comte de Forez par mariage. Surnommé le Bon Duc , il est considéré par ses contemporains comme le modèle du prince idéal . Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. Louis married Claire Clémence de Maillé, daughter of Urbain de Maillé, Marquis of Brézé and Nicole du Plessis de Richelieu, at the Palais Royal in Paris, in February 1641, in the presence of King Louis XIII of France, Anne of Austria, and Gaston of France. Louis de Bourbon-Condé, Enghien hercege (Párizs, 1621. szeptember 8. 1567 Benjamin de Bourbon b. Bending his knee to the rising Sun King, Condé was pardoned and restored to his previous titles, but his power as an independent prince was broken.. At the Battle of Rocroi, Enghien himself conceived and directed the decisive victory. Then, totally restored to Louis XIV’s favour, Condé, with Turenne, was placed by the king in command of the army that was going to invade the United Provinces of the Netherlands (1672). Director of the Municipal Council of Paris and General Council of the Seine, 1947–67. Despite victory over Turenne at Valenciennes in 1656, defeat at the Battle of the Dunes in June 1658 led to the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659. His attitude both to religion and to politics was unorthodox, for he was as rebellious to ecclesiastical dogma as to the authority of the king. His father gave to the duc d’Enghien, as the Great Condé was at first called, a complete and strict education: six years with the Jesuits at Bourges, as well as mathematics and horsemanship at the Royal Academy at Paris. Condé's vast domains included Burgundy and Berry, while the Prince de Conti, his brother, held Champagne and his brother-in-law, Longueville, controlled Normandy. Historian. He quickly subdued the Parlement of Paris, and the Parliamentary Fronde ended with the March 1649 Peace of Rueil. Condé is particularly celebrated for his triumphs in the Thirty Years' War, notably at Rocroi, and his campaigns against the Grand Alliance in the Franco-Dutch War. Turenne and his brother the Duke of Bouillon were among those who had escaped arrest; they now demanded the prisoners' freedom, leading to a short-lived alliance between the Fronde des nobles and the Fronde des parlements. André Le Nôtre landscaped his park at Chantilly; Pierre Mignard and Charles Le Brun decorated the walls of his palace with mythological paintings; Antoine Coysevox sculpted a famous bust of him; and Pérelle and Jean Berain painted views of his palace. , When the aristocracy took up arms against new taxes in the Fronde rebellion, Condé was recalled to Court by Anne of Austria. 86693155, citing Church of Saint-Georges (Defunct), Vendome, Departement du Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France ; Maintained by Lutetia (contributor 46580078) . Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité la monarchie française pendant plus d'un demi-siècle. DE BOURBON, Prince of (1621–1686), called the Great Condé, was the son of Henry, prince of Condé, and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, and was born at Paris on the 8th of September 1621. When she took up the challenge, he launched an open rebellion in the southwest (September 1651), allied himself with Spain, and made his way to Paris, where he was able for a time to defy the royal army commanded by Turenne. His father betrothed him to Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of Cardinal Richelieu, before he joined the army in 1640.  In 1644 he was sent with reinforcements into Germany to the assistance of Turenne, who was hard pressed, and took command of the whole army.. Louis II, 3 e duc de Bourbon, byname Louis the Good, French Louis le Bon, (born 1337—died August 19, 1410), duke of Bourbon (from 1356), count of Clermont and of Forez. This was his last campaign and victory. He maintained a troupe of comedians who toured the provinces; he protected Jean de La Fontaine, Nicolas Boileau, and Molière; and he chose Jean de La Bruyère to tutor his son, Henri-Jules. Even on his military campaigns he read the novels of Gaultier de Coste de La Calprenède, the histories of Livy, and the tragedies of Pierre Corneille. The Great Condé was the elder son of Henry II de Bourbon, 3rd prince de Condé, and of his wife, Charlotte de Montmorency. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Louis-II-de-Bourbon-4e-prince-de-Conde. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. (They were in prison for 13 months.) Luís II de Bourbon, conhecido como "o Grande Condé"  (Paris, 8 de setembro de 1621 — Palácio de Fontainebleau, 11 de dezembro de 1686), era Príncipe de Condé, Duque de Bourbon, Duque de Enghien, Duque de Montmorency, Duque de Châteauroux, Duque de Bellegarde, Duque de Fronsac, Governador do Berry, Conde de Sancerre (1646-1686), Conde de Charolais (a partir de 1684), Par de França. Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $55.99 . A cultivated man, according to Mlle de Scudéry, who depicted him in her novel Artamène, ou le Grand Cyrus (1649–53), he was also a patron of the arts. The capture of Philippsburg was the most important of his other achievements during this campaign. He followed his success at Rocroi with successes in the area of the Rhine at Thionville and Sierck. Louis was born in Paris, the son of Henri II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency; the infant was immediately endowed with the title of Duke of Enghien. Genealogy profile for Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti. The princes de Condé were the heads of an important French branch of the House of Bourbon. He returned to France only after the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, but soon received military commands again. Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon (20 September 1652, Bordeaux – 11 April 1653, Bordeaux), died in infancy. The resulting uncertain balance of power between crown and nobility inspired Condé to rebel himself, starting the far more serious Fronde des nobles. His descendants include the present-day pretenders to the throne of France and Italy and the kings of Spain and Belgium. Pendant les troubles de la Fronde, il adopte une attitude ambiguë. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon-Vendome (1612–6 Aug 1669), Find a Grave Memorial no. His deathbed conversion is not entirely convincing, for it came at the end of a life without religion. Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) [Anonymous, .] Upon the Grand Condé’s death, Louis XIV pronounced that he had lost "the greatest man in my kingdom.". …  Despite being in love with Mlle du Vigean, daughter of the king's gentleman of the bedchamber François Poussard, he was compelled by his father to marry his fiancée who was thirteen. The Prince's retirement, which was only broken by the Polish question and by his personal intercession on behalf of Fouquet in 1664, ended in 1668. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Il eut également plusieurs enfants illégitimes : D'autres liaisons, Louis de Bourbon eut d'autres enfants naturels: Renseignements apportés par le blason Datation entre 1367 au plus tôt, date de la création de l’ordre de l’Ecu d’or et 1410 au plus tard, date de la mort du duc ; confirmation de l’attribution des travaux à Louis II de Bourbon. En 1641, il e… His last campaign was in 1675, taking command after Turenne had been killed, repelling an invasion of an imperial army. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. At the forcing of the Rhine passage at Tolhuis (June 12), he received a severe wound, after which he commanded in Alsace against the Imperials. Condé's father saw to it that his son received a thorough education – Louis studied history, law, and mathematics during six years at the Jesuits' school at Bourges. He was now completely re-established in the favour of King Louis XIV, and with Turenne, was appointed the principal French commander in the celebrated campaign of 1672 against the Dutch. Louis II de Bourbon, victorious at the Battle of Rocroi during the Thirty Years' War. On his recall to Flanders, however, he won another great victory at Lens (Aug. 19–20, 1648). Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon (4 Aug 1337–19 Aug 1410), Find a Grave Memorial no. He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. Condé conquered the Franche-Comté during the War of Devolution and led the French armies in the Franco-Dutch War together with Turenne.